The dugout above was not a Morgan Family home but Morgan Families, when pioneering new areas, often lived temporarily in
dugouts they built themselves. The dugout above is an old Mormon hillside dugout and illustrates how some dugouts were built
by digging back into a hill, a technique described in a Morgan family life sketch. Sometimes ledges were left along the side
to be used as beds. The front might be constructed of stone or sod. Sometimes heavy blankets were used as doors and waxed
paper for windows. Roofs were usually made of poles and sod.
The dugout in the illustration above is a little higher above ground than most, otherwise it is typical of Mormon dugouts
built on level ground. Thomas Morgan's first residence at Leamington, Utah, was a dugout built on level ground, probably
similar to the one above. Later he built a log cabin on top of it and used the dugout as a basement or cellar.
When stones were available they were often used to build the front and sides of the dugout. This well preserved dugout was
photographed in Idaho in 1971.